The different stages of gum disease
The first stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. This occurs when plaque and bacteria build up on your teeth, causing bad breath, bleeding, red, tender or swollen gums. If you catch it early enough, gingivitis can be totally reversible with daily flossing and brushing. Don’t forget to also visit PerioPartners™ for a thorough dental cleaning appointment.
Periodontitis (Periodontal Disease)
If you don’t make a proactive effort to reverse gingivitis, it could progress into periodontitis. Known as a dreadful condition, it occurs when toxins from the bacteria in your mouth start to affect the ligaments that hold your teeth in place, causing loose or missing teeth. As a result of plaque buildup, the gums begin to pull away from the teeth, forming pockets that can become infected and painful. As a result, your body’s immune system is activated, which can lead to the breakdown of the jawbone over time. At this point, the tooth may become infected, and could require removal as bone support becomes weak.
Gum disease treatment
If you’ve developed periodontitis, you’ll need to book a scaling and root planning (SRP) appointment with us immediately to treat the diseased pockets and infection. Within a few weeks after this treatment, your gums should begin to heal and can actually reattach themselves to your newly cleaned teeth. In the event that your gums do not cooperate, we may have to explore the option of pocket reconstruction. In extreme cases, you may need a gum graft to cover any exposed root or a bone graft in cases where the bone is badly devastated by the disease.
Gum disease is preventable
Take good care of your teeth and gums, ensure to floss and brush daily, and visit our office for your regular and comprehensive dental hygiene appointments. This type of preventive care, along with good homecare habits, is your best defense against advanced gum disease.
Looking for advice on gum disease prevention and treatment? Contact us today to book a periodontal support therapy session – 780-429-2112.